top of page


Welcome to the RFK Human Rights UK blog. Here you will find articles about current topics,  opinion pieces as well as updates on our work.

Activism in the UK: Tracing the history of social change through campaigns that made a difference.

Activism in the United Kingdom has a rich and dynamic history, with its roots deeply embedded in the pursuit of social justice and equality. From the suffragette movement to the fight against apartheid, the UK has been a hotbed for various forms of activism, catalysing significant changes and inspiring global movements. This article aims to explore the history of activism in the UK, highlighting key milestones, influential figures, and the transformative impact of grassroots mobilisation.


1. Suffragette Movement:

One of the earliest and most influential movements in British activism was the suffragette movement, which fought for women's right to vote in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Led by prominent figures like Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters, the suffragettes employed civil disobedience, protests, and hunger strikes to draw attention to their cause. Their relentless efforts ultimately led to the Representation of the People Act in 1918, granting some women over 30 years old the right to vote. It wasn't until 1928 that women achieved full voting rights on par with men.

Suffragette being arrested by police

2. Anti-Apartheid Movement:

During the latter half of the 20th century, the United Kingdom witnessed a powerful movement against apartheid, the discriminatory policy enforced by the South African government. British activists played a crucial role in raising awareness and pressuring the UK government to impose sanctions on South Africa. The movement gained momentum through campaigns like the boycott of South African goods, protests outside South African embassies, and the cultural impact of artists and musicians who refused to perform in apartheid South Africa. The culmination of these efforts came with the release of Nelson Mandela from prison in 1990 and the eventual dismantling of apartheid.

3. Environmental Activism:

Environmental activism has gained significant traction in the UK since the 1960s, with concerns about pollution, climate change, and conservation at the forefront. The influential Greenpeace organisation was founded in the UK in 1971 and has since campaigned globally on issues such as nuclear disarmament, deforestation, and renewable energy. More recent movements, such as Extinction Rebellion and Just Stop Oil, have drawn attention to the urgency of climate action through large-scale protests and civil disobedience, demanding systemic change and net-zero carbon emissions.

Police observe extinction rebellion protest in London featuring 'Tell The Truth' pink boat

4. LGBTQ+ Rights:

The fight for LGBTQ+ rights has been a defining aspect of activism in the UK. The decriminalisation of homosexuality in England and Wales in 1967 marked a significant milestone, but the struggle for equality and acceptance continued. Activist groups like Stonewall, founded in 1989, played a crucial role in challenging discrimination and advocating for LGBTQ+ rights. Milestones include the equalisation of the age of consent in 2000, the introduction of civil partnerships in 2004, and the legalization of same-sex marriage in 2014. The UK has made remarkable progress, but ongoing activism seeks to address remaining inequalities and support transgender rights.

Protester holds placard at rally featuring the word 'Peace' and Ukrainian flag colours
5. Anti-War Protests:

The UK has seen numerous anti-war movements that have rallied against military interventions, particularly in conflicts such as the Vietnam War and the Iraq War. The Stop the War Coalition, formed in 2001, organised some of the largest protests in British history. Activists voiced opposition to war policies, called for diplomatic solutions, and raised concerns about civilian casualties and the erosion of civil liberties. These movements showcased the power of collective action and civic engagement in influencing public discourse and shaping government policies.


The history of activism in the United Kingdom is a testament to the power of ordinary citizens coming together to drive social change. From the suffragettes to the anti-apartheid activists, environmental campaigners, LGBTQ+ rights advocates, and anti-war protestors.

Our Speak Truth To Power programme teaches young people in schools the importance of their human rights and being an advocate for their community. The knowledge of how activism in the UK has shaped society can empower young people to be their own human rights hero.

Discover more about Speak Truth To Power and how you can introduce human rights education into your school or support us to reach more young people.

bottom of page